Author: Hafsah Temi Aminu, Mary Oluyemisi AINA (Nigeria) | Published on 1 September 2022



Teacher: Listen to the following sentences. Say which ones are colourful and which ones are plain:

  A B
1 Mr Ojo eats like an elephant. Mr Ojo eats a lot.
2 My friend is as brave as a lion. My friend is brave.
3 His son is the star of the family. His son is bright.


A simile is used to compare two things using ‘as’+ ‘as’ or ‘like’. (Simile is related to the word ‘similar’.)

Stage 1

Use pictures/videos of snow and a white set of teeth. Have pairs of other items that have at least one thing in common. Ensure that one of the items is a natural one, e.g snow, leaf, hyena, charcoal, rake, etc.

Present the pairs of pictures to learners. Encourage them to look closely to identify what each pair has in common.

Stage 2

Write ‘as’ + adjective + ‘as’ and ‘like’ on the board. Explain to learners that these two words can be used to compare two items.

Stage 3

Ask learners to make some sentences from the pictures/videos using two similar objects from the pictures.


Milk teeth are as white as snow.

The board is as black as charcoal.

The baby is as beautiful as a rainbow.

She sings like a bird.

He is strong like a hyena.

She is swift just like a cat.

Stage 4: Check understanding.

Ask learners to think of one natural thing (e.g. animal, colour, mountain, river) that can be compared with another (natural or man-made thing).

Present a table with two rows A and B. Ask learners to match the words in A with the words in B.

red lips giraffe
sky sea
vast land watermelon
long neck blue shirt

Stage 5

Ask learners to write sentences using the words they have matched from the table.

See also