Author: Hafsah Aminu (Nigeria) | Editor: Gary Motteram | Published on 19 October 2023


Prompt: Ask the teachers to think about their last class and write down/discuss three things that went well about the class and two areas they think they could have done better.


Introduce Reflective Practice: Begin the lesson by explaining what reflective practice is. Highlight its significance in improving teaching and learning.

Stage 1: Benefits and Goals

  • Discuss the benefits of incorporating these practices, such as strengthening classroom management, improving student-teacher relationship, enhancing teaching effectiveness and promoting student learning. 
  • Set clear goals for teachers to achieve through this professional development.

Stage 2: Facilitating Reflective Practice

  • Creating a Safe Environment: Explain the importance of creating a non-judgmental and safe space for teachers to reflect on their practice. Offer strategies for establishing trust and confidentiality.
  • The Reflective Cycle: Teach teacher educators how to guide teachers through the reflective cycle, emphasizing the stages of reflection, critical analysis, action planning, and implementation.
  • Promoting Self-awareness: Share techniques for helping teachers become more self-aware, such as journaling, peer observations, and video recordings of classroom lessons.

Stage 3: Supporting Reflective Practices in Teachers

  • Modeling Reflection: Demonstrate reflective practices as a teacher educator, serving as a role model for the teachers you're guiding.
  • Feedback and Coaching: Train teacher educators on how to provide constructive feedback and coaching to help teachers identify areas for improvement and set goals for growth.
  • Group Reflection: Encourage teacher educators to facilitate group reflection sessions, where teachers can share experiences and insights with peers to gain different perspectives.

Stage 4: Evaluating Reflective Practices

  • Assessment Tools: Introduce teacher educators to various assessment tools and methods for evaluating the impact of reflective practice, including self-assessment, peer assessment, and student feedback.
  • Data Analysis: Show teacher educators how to analyse the data collected from reflective practice to identify trends, areas of success, and areas for improvement.
  • Continuous Improvement: Emphasize the importance of using assessment data to make adjustments to teacher development programs, ensuring they remain effective and responsive to teachers' needs.
  • Reflection on Practice: Encourage teacher educators to reflect on their own facilitation of reflective practice, seeking ways to improve their support and guidance to teachers.

Stage 5: Summary/conclusion

This plan will help teachers gain a deeper understanding of reflective practice, develop the skills needed to implement it effectively and create a culture of continuous improvement within their educational institutions. This Professional Development plan empowers teachers to enhance their teaching methods and contribute positively to student learning outcomes.